, The quake caused an estimated $6 billion (equivalent to $13 billion today) in property damage, becoming one of the most expensive natural disasters in U.S. history at the time. , Four people died in San Francisco's Marina District, four buildings were destroyed by fire, and seven buildings collapsed.  The Fraser-Smith et al. Because the rupture took place bilaterally, the duration of strong shaking was about half of what it would have been had it ruptured in one direction only. On October 17, 1989, at 5:04 p.m. Pacific daylight time, an earthquake registering 7.1 on the Richter scale, with an epicenter in the Loma Prieta section of the San Andreas fault, occurred in northern California (Figure 1). Derek Van-Alstyne, 22, Foster City .  Precursor increases of noise apparently started a few days before the earthquake, with noise in the range 0.01–0.5 Hz rising to exceptionally high levels about three hours before the earthquake. As many as six teams of dogs and their handlers were at work identifying the large number of damaged buildings that held no victims. San Francisco earthquake of 1989, also called Loma Prieta earthquake, major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area, California, U.S., on October 17, 1989, and caused 63 deaths, nearly 3,800 injuries, and an estimated $6 billion in property damage. 300 injuries. San Francisco Earthquake, 1989: Death and Destruction (American Disasters) by Victoria Sherrow. San Francisco Earthquake, 1989: Death and Destruction (American Disasters) It was the strongest earthquake to hit the area since the San Francisco earthquake of 1906. 1989 Loma Prieta earthquakeSan Francisco Earthquake of 1989. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Medium (2005), TV show on NBC in which a character uses her coincidental presence in Oakland during the earthquake as an opportunity to fake her own death and disappear. One 50-foot (15 m) section of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge also collapsed, leading to a single fatality, Anamafi Moala, a 23-year-old woman. The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on California’s Central Coast on October 17 at 5:04 p.m. local time.  For example, sand volcanoes formed in a field near Pajaro as well as in a strawberry field. 1989: Earthquake hits San Francisco. , While the effects of a four-year drought limited the potential of landslides, the steep terrain near the epicenter was prone to movement, and up to 4,000 landslides may have occurred during the event. The most severe damage was suffered by San Francisco and Oakland, but communities throughout the region, including Alameda, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, and Monterey, also were affected. , After the earthquake occurred, a group led by Antony C. Fraser-Smith of Stanford University reported that the event was preceded by disturbances in background magnetic field noise as measured by a sensor placed in Corralitos, about 4.5 miles (7 km) from the epicenter. The first is that the geometry of the San Andreas Fault goes through a transition every several thousand years.  Widespread search operations were organized to find possible victims inside the remains of fallen structures. WORLD SERIES PUSHED BACK. "SFFD Fireboats: The History of the Fireboat Phoenix. The shock was centered in The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park approximately 10 mi (16 km) northeast of Santa Cruz on a section of the San Andreas Fault System and was named for the nearby Loma Prieta Peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains. No surface faulting occurred, though many other ground failures and landslides were present, especially in the Summit area of the Santa Cruz Mountains. ; 11 WHOSE LIVES ENDED AS QUAKE CRUSHED I-880. When electrical power to the stadium was lost, someone drove a police car onto the field, where an officer used the car's public address system to advise that the game had been postponed. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Also in Los Gatos, one man died when he fell or jumped through a window and impacted the ground five stories below. By the time the 6.9-magnitude shaking ended at 5:04 p.m. on Oct. 17, 1989, the Loma Prieta earthquake … accompanied by the combined screams of excitement and panic from fans who had no idea of the devastation elsewhere.  Traffic on both decks came to a halt, blocked by the section of roadbed. Michaels also worked games for the Cincinnati Reds and San Francisco Giants.  Fans reported that the stadium moved in an articulated manner as the earthquake wave passed through it, that the light standards swayed by many feet, and that the concrete upper deck windscreen moved in a wave-like manner over a distance of several feet. But the quake on October 17, 1989, which measured 7.1 on the Richter scale, killed more than 60 people and caused severe damage to the Marina District and to some freeways and even more devastation to surrounding areas. and Fire in San Francisco on April 18, 1906 This is an image roster of names compiled from newspapers of those persons who died as a direct result of injuries received either at the time of the earthquake and fire, or during the latter half of April 1906.  Liquefaction also caused damage in the Watsonville area. Several long term forecasts for a large shock along the San Andreas Fault in that area had been made public prior to 1989 (the event and its aftershocks occurred within a recognized seismic gap) but the earthquake that transpired was not what had been anticipated.  ABC then switched to episodes of Roseanne and The Wonder Years, which was on standby for a rain delay situation, while attempting to restore electricity to its remote equipment. San Jose International Airport, Oakland International Airport and San Francisco International Airport all opened the next morning. , The worst disaster of the earthquake was the collapse of the double-deck Cypress Street Viaduct of Interstate 880 in West Oakland. But this season, baseball received its closest brush with what happened in 1989. The disaster’s occurrence during a major live television broadcast meant that news of the earthquake, as well as aerial views provided by the Goodyear blimp, reached a large audience. The earthquake significantly damaged the transportation system of the Bay Area. Santa Cruz Public Libraries. Only 63 deaths were recorded as a result of the 1989 San Francisco earthquake, but over 3,500 people were injured.  The highest number of deaths, 42, occurred in Oakland because of the collapse of the Cypress Street Viaduct on the Nimitz Freeway (Interstate 880 - then CA-17), where the upper level of a double-deck portion of the freeway collapsed, crushing the cars on the lower level, and causing crashes on the upper level. Forty-two people were crushed to death in their cars. It happened on October 17, 1989. Get this from a library! , Since many forecasts had been presented for the region near Loma Prieta, seismologists were not taken by surprise by the October 1989 event.  KRON-TV (at the time the region's NBC affiliate) was off the air for about half an hour, while KGO-AM (ABC News Radio) was off the air for about 40 minutes. Total displacement for these shocks was relatively small (approximately 4 in (100 mm) of strike-slip and substantially less reverse-slip) and although they occurred on separate faults and well before the mainshock, a group of seismologists considered these to be foreshocks due to their location in space and time relative to the main event. Some of the fill was rubble dumped into San Francisco Bay after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, but most was sand and debris laid down in preparation for the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition, a celebration of San Francisco's ability to rebound after its catastrophe in 1906. ", "Putting Down Roots in Earthquake Country", "Buildings Demolished in Downtown Santa Cruz as a Result of the Loma Prieta Earthquake, 1989". Eastbound drivers stuck on the lower deck between the collapse and Yerba Buena Island were routed up to the upper deck and westward back to San Francisco. 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